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Obesity Is a Disease

Obesity Is a Disease


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It’s official — obesity is a disease. The American Medical Association classified it as a disease in an attempt to focus more attention on America’s weight problem, according to Health.

Experts hope the label will draw greater attention from doctors so that they change the way treatment is approached as well as that it will increase insurance coverage for treatments. Treatment for obesity includes medications, nutrition counseling, and sometimes surgery.

“We already treat obesity as a chronic illness,” says Dr. Esa Matius Davis, an assistant professor of medicine at the University of Pittsburgh. “But this decision will bring more resources into the picture because it will, hopefully, allow for more insurance coverage and that really has been the issue of getting people the help that they need.”

Many patients diagnosed with obesity can’t get the treatment they need because the cost is too prohibitive and they often aren’t reimbursed by insurance companies.


Diet, disease, and the microbiome

There is growing interest in the human body’s microbiome and its connection to chronic disease. A new study examines that connection, along with how the foods we eat influence the composition of our microbiome.

Microbiome protects host and plays role in disease risk

The microbiome consists of the genes of tiny organisms (bacteria, viruses, and other microbes) found in the gastrointestinal tract, primarily in the small and large intestine. The normal gut flora — another term for the microbiome — protects its human host. For the microbiome to flourish, the right balance must exist, with the healthy species dominating the less healthy.

Scientists do not fully understand how the microbiome factors into the risk of developing chronic diseases, such as heart disease, obesity, and type 2 diabetes. Many factors, including differences between individuals and individual diets, have made this a difficult area to investigate.

Study investigates relationships between diet, microbiome, and disease risk

But a new study, published in Nature Medicine, accounts for these factors and sheds light on how our diets shape our microbiome and how our microbiome, in turn, influences our disease risk.

The researchers studied more than 1,100 individuals enrolled in PREDICT 1, a large trial looking at individual responses to food. They used a technique called metagenomic sequencing to identify, classify, measure, and analyze genetic material from the study participants’ microbiomes. They also collected detailed, long-term dietary intake information from all of these individuals, so they could analyze their dietary patterns, including their intake of different food groups, foods, and nutrients. In addition, they collected information from the study participants on a variety of factors that are known to influence metabolism and disease risk, including pre- and post-meal measures of blood sugar (glucose), cholesterol, and inflammation. Finally, they measured personal health attributes of the study participants, including age, weight, body mass index (BMI), body fat, and blood pressure.

Diet influences microbiome and microbiome influences disease risk

The study found that the health of the microbiome is influenced by diet, and that the composition of the microbiome influences the risk of health outcomes. The results showed that specific gut microbes were associated with specific nutrients, foods, food groups, and overall diet composition. Health conditions such as heart disease, type 2 diabetes, obesity, and general inflammation appeared to be most impacted by diet-influenced changes to the microbiome.

For example, less healthy dietary patterns (dairy desserts, unhealthy meats, processed foods) supported gut species that were associated with measures of blood sugar, cholesterol, and inflammation that are significantly associated with higher risk of cardiac events, strokes, and type 2 diabetes.

In contrast, a more diverse gut microbiome was tied to healthy dietary patterns (high-fiber vegetables like spinach and broccoli, nuts, and, heathy animal foods such as fish and eggs) and was linked to measurements tied to lower risk of certain chronic diseases. In addition, the study found that polyunsaturated fats (found in fish, walnuts, pumpkin, flax and chia seeds, sunflower, safflower, and unhydrogenated soybean oils) produce healthy gut species linked to a reduced risk of chronic disease.

Minimally processed, plant-based diet is good for the microbiome and for reducing disease risk

So what do these findings mean for us? First, the study showed that eating more unprocessed plant foods — fruits, vegetables, nuts, seeds, and whole grains — allows the gut microbiome to thrive. Some animal foods, such as fish and eggs, are also favorable. Avoiding certain animal foods, such as red meat and bacon, dairy foods, and highly processed foods (even processed plant foods such as sauces, baked beans, juices, or sugar-sweetened drinks and desserts) prevents less-healthy gut species from colonizing the gut.

It is important to note that food quality matters processed or ultra-processed plant-based foods were not associated with heathy clusters of gut microbes. When choosing foods, consider whether they are processed or unprocessed, in addition to whether they are a plant or animal food.

It can also be helpful to think in terms of dietary patterns, rather than individual foods or food groups. Meal patterns that emphasize foods beneficial to the microbiome are the whole-food, plant-based dietary patterns. These include vegan (no animal products) and ovo-vegetarian (vegetarian plus eggs) diets. The pescatarian eating pattern, in which oily and white fish are the meats of choice, is also good for the microbiome.

Emphasizing minimally processed plant foods allows the gut microbiome to thrive, providing protection against, or decreasing the risk of, chronic diseases such as heart disease, diabetes, metabolic disease, and obesity.


Causes Of Obesity

Obesity is a complex condition which could trigger from a variety of reasons. Sometimes, two or more prevailing disorders in the body can also result in excessive accumulation of weight. While sometimes it is only because of poor dietary choices and sedentary lifestyle.

According to experts, here are a few common causes of obesity:

2. Junk FoodJunk food is touted to be one of the prime causes of obesity. Consumption of tall greasy burgers, crispy fries, pasta, noodles or aerated sodas can take a toll not just on your weight but your heart and sugar glucose levels too. The junk food which is highly processed, made with second grade and refined ingredients are the ones to watch out for.(Also Read: What Is Junk Food? Why Is It Bad For You?)

Obesity Diet: Junk food is touted to be one of the prime causes of obesity.

3. Food AddictionIndulging in junk food once in a while is fine. But the constant cravings and the need to appease the temptations is a risky zone. Food addiction is characterized by people having no control over their eating behaviors or getting a sense of relief only when they have tucked in something greasy or sugary.(Also Read: Does Food Addiction Really Exist?)

Obesity Diet: The constant cravings and the need to appease the temptations is a risky

4. Side Effects of MedicationObesity could be a side effect of certain medication too. Certain diabetes medication, antidepressants, antipsychotics have been infamously linked with weight gain in the past.

Obesity could be a side effect of certain medication too

5. InsulinInsulin hormone plays a crucial role in smooth functioning of the body. It uses sugar (glucose) from carbohydrates in the food we eat for energy or to store glucose for future use. Insulin helps regulate energy storage, and makes sure the level of sugar in the blood is never too high or low.Insulin also has an important engagement with fat cells. Impaired insulin can result in elevated insulin levels, and energy getting stored in fat cells instead of it being used for other functions. It can cause high blood glucose too, which can also trigger diabetes. This is why diabetes and obesity are closely interlinked.

6. Hormonal IssuesLeptin is a hormone produced by fat cells. The hormone sends signals to the hypothalamus (the part of our brain that controls food intake) that we're full and need to stop eating. When the leptin isn't working as it should, brain becomes resistant to the signals and the body doesn't understand when to stop.

7. Food availabilityAccording to a latest study, children who live around in the vicinity of many cafes and food outlets are more prone to obesity. Nowadays, access to junk food is getting easier day by day. Your favourite burger and pizza is in fact just a call away. In this scenario, it becomes all the more difficult to keep obesity at bay.

Obesity diet: Nowadays, access to junk food is getting easier day by day

8. Sugary FoodsExperts around the world have time and again reinforced the fact that sugary food does no good to the body. In fact, some of them also brand it as the worst part of modern diet. When consumed in excess sugar, it starts getting stored as fats and increases the body mass. Excess fructose consumption causes insulin resistance and elevated insulin levels too. All of these factors combined ultimately results in obesity.(Also Read: Does Having Sugary Food Cause Diabetes?)

Obesity diet: Sugary food does no good to the body

Effects of Obesity

A person is identified obese when the Body Mass Index(BMI) is 25 or greater. BMI is body mass index, an index commonly used for classification of obesity. BMI is a person's weight in kilograms divided by the square of his height in meters (kg/m2). The excessive body fat increases the risk of serious health problems. Some of the problems that obesity is often linked to are:

1. Cardiovascular disorders

6. Depression (due to ridicule, social bias, rejection, and humiliation)

The excessive body fat increases the risk of serious health problems


Obesity Diet Recipes-Low Fat Low Calorie


Before you want to lose weight to cook obesity diet recipes-low fat low calorie, you should learn some concept about obesity,such as what is obesity? Causes of obesity,judging what type obesity you are,etc..


What is Obesity? Obesity is not just eating too much, but a chronic disease.

Obesity causes by Genes,Unscientific Diet Habit,Too less sport and physical activities,Abnormal hormone secretion,Nerve centre for feeding obstacle,Pressure or emotional eating,Constipation.

According to whether or not cause syndrome,there are Simple Obesity and Secondary Obesity. According to fat distribution,there are Belted Shape obesity,Great Trochanter Shape Obesity,Lower Limbs Obesity,Upper Limbs Obesity,Hip Obesity. According to body shape,there are Pear Shape,Apple Shape. According to body's tissue nutrition, there are Fat hoarding type,Muscle Shape,Edema Shape,Mixed Shape.

Persons with obesity feel tired, short of breath, edema, and even unable to live on their own. Obesity shortens life-span,cause female menstrual disorders.


Change to or Keep Reasonable Diet. Sport/out-door activities,Other Methods.

Unsuitable methods of lose weight do harm to your health.Lose Weight is a matter of persistence,a long work.

Here we introduce 30 obesity diet foods and herbs. Their functions and why they can help you to lose weight.

Now, are you ready? Let's start to see what we have for Obesity Diet Recipes-Low Fat Low Calorie.


Meals on the Go

For the places where you might grab a snack or have a meal on the go (such as the car or at your desk), make sure you have nutritious snacks available or at home that you can take with you. For example:

  • &ldquoGrab-and-go&rdquo fruits: apples, oranges, bananas, canned fruit without added sugars, and raisins
  • Washed and chopped fresh vegetables: celery, carrots, and cucumbers
  • Low-fat and fat-free milk products: yogurt without added sugars, milk, and low-fat cheeses
  • Whole-grain crackers and breads
  • Protein choices such as low-fat deli turkey slices or almonds and other nuts and seeds

Take the time to make a shopping list and re-stock your cabinets and fridge with healthy options. It&rsquos also a good idea to think about stocking your office cabinet or car glove box with healthy shelf-stable treats if these are places where you snack. You&rsquoll find it&rsquos easier to make better choices when you have a good variety of nutritious foods available in the places where you eat.


Recipes for Fatty Liver Diet

Spanish Rice Soup

Ingredients:

  • ¾ cup raw brown rice
  • 2 carrots, sliced
  • 2 cups celery, chopped
  • 1 onion, chopped
  • 1 red/green bell pepper, chopped
  • 2 tomatoes, pureed
  • 2 cloves garlic, chopped
  • Mild green chilies, chopped
  • 2 teaspoon cumin, ground
  • 1 teaspoon chili powder
  • 2 tablespoons of paprika

Directions:
Bring water to boil in a large pot. Add rice, carrots, celery, onion, garlic and one tablespoon of paprika and continue to boil. Cover the pot, reduce the heat and simmer about half an hour. Add water if needed. Now, add the remaining ingredients and simmer 15 to 20 minutes, until the rice is tender. Your healthy and delicious rice soup is ready! Serve hot!

Bean Salad

Ingredients:

  • 1 cup pinto beans
  • 1 cup black beans
  • 1 cup Garbanzo beans
  • 1 cup red kidney beans
  • 1 bunch cilantro, chopped
  • 1 onion, chopped
  • ½ cup seasoned rice vinegar
  • Salt
  • Pepper

Directions:
Rinse all the beans well and then strain them. Place them in a large bowl. Add chopped onion to the beans. Now, add the rice vinegar and stir well. Sprinkle salt and pepper and your bean salad is ready. You could also add chopped green beans, olives, or cooked brown rice to the above recipe to enhance its taste.

Chicken Salsa

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Ingredients:

  • 1 lb. skinless and boneless chicken breast, cut in one inch pieces
  • 1 large onion, chopped
  • 1 large red/green pepper, chopped
  • 2 tomatoes, chopped
  • 1 can kidney beans, rinsed and drained
  • 3 cloves garlic, minced
  • 1 cup medium salsa
  • 1 bunch broccoli
  • Fresh cilantro
  • Olive oil
  • Salt
  • Pepper

Directions:
In a large non stick skillet, heat 1 tablespoon olive oil. Sauté garlic and onion for about 3 minutes, until they turn tender. Add pepper and sauté again for two minutes. Now, add the remaining ingredients and bring the mixture to boil. Reduce the heat, cover and simmer five minutes, or until chicken is cooked. Serve it with rice, noodles or mashed potatoes.


We have all experienced food cravings &ndash and often those cravings have to do with texture &ndash like something creamy or crunchy.

Food textures play a big role in whether we like or dislike certain foods. For example, while you may not like mushy canned peas, you may be surprised that you like fresh or barely cooked peas.

Luckily, eating healthy includes foods of all sorts of textures and flavors. Here are some suggestions on satisfying your cravings with nutritious snacks of a variety of textures.


Risk Factors - Overweight and Obesity

There are many risk factors for overweight and obesity. Some risk factors can be changed, such as unhealthy lifestyle habits and environments. Other risk factors, such as age, family history and genetics, race and ethnicity, and sex, cannot be changed. Heathy lifestyle changes can decrease your risk for developing overweight and obesity.

Lack of physical activity, unhealthy eating patterns, not enough sleep, and high amounts of stress can increase your risk for overweight and obesity.

Lack of physical activity

Lack of physical activity due to high amounts of TV, computer, videogame or other screen usage has been associated with a high body mass index . Healthy lifestyle changes, such as being physically active and reducing screen time, can help you aim for a healthy weight.

Unhealthy eating behaviors

Some unhealthy eating behaviors can increase your risk for overweight and obesity.

  • Eating more calories than you use. The amount of calories you need will vary based on your sex, age, and physical activity level. Find out your daily calorie needs or goals with the Body Weight Planner.
  • Eating too much saturated and trans fats
  • Eating foods high in added sugars

Visit Heart-healthy eating for more information about healthy eating patterns.

Not enough sleep

Many studies have seen a high BMI in people who do not get enough sleep. Some studies have seen a relationship between sleep and the way our bodies use nutrients for energy and how lack of sleep can affect hormones that control hunger urges. Visit our Sleep Deprivation and Deficiency Health Topic for more information about lack of sleep.

High amounts of stress

Acute stress and chronic stress affect the brain and trigger the production of hormones, such as cortisol, that control our energy balances and hunger urges. Acute stress can trigger hormone changes that make you not want to eat. If the stress becomes chronic, hormone changes can make you eat more and store more fat.

Childhood obesity remains a serious problem in the United States, and some populations are more at risk for childhood obesity than others. The risk of unhealthy weight gain increases as you age. Adults who have a healthy BMI often start to gain weight in young adulthood and continue to gain weight until 60 to 65 years old, when they tend to start losing weight.

Many environmental factors can increase your risk for overweight and obesity:

  • social factors such as having a low socioeconomic status or an unhealthy social or unsafe environment in the neighborhood
  • built environment factors such as easy access to unhealthy fast foods, limited access to recreational facilities or parks, and few safe or easy ways to walk in your neighborhood
  • exposure to chemicals known as obesogens that can change hormones and increase fatty tissue in our bodies

Genetic studies have found that overweight and obesity can run in families, so it is possible that our genes or DNA can cause these conditions. Research studies have found that certain DNA elements are associated with obesity.

Did you know obesity can change your DNA and the DNA you pass on to your children? Learn more about these DNA changes.

Eating too much or eating too little during your pregnancy can change your baby’s DNA and can affect how your child stores and uses fat later in life. Also, studies have shown that obese fathers have DNA changes in their sperm that can be passed on to their children.

Overweight and obesity is highly prevalent in some racial and ethnic minority groups. Rates of obesity in American adults are highest in blacks, followed by Hispanics, then whites. This is true for men or women. While Asian men and women have the lowest rates of unhealthy BMIs, they may have high amounts of unhealthy fat in the abdomen. Samoans may be at risk for overweight and obesity because they may carry a DNA variant that is associated with increased BMI but not with common obesity-related complications.

In the United States, obesity is more common in black or Hispanic women than in black or Hispanic men. A person’s sex may also affect the way the body stores fat. For example, women tend to store less unhealthy fat in the abdomen than men do.

Overweight and obesity is also common in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). This is an endocrine condition that causes large ovaries and prevents proper ovulation, which can reduce fertility.


Community Obesity Rates Linked To Calories From Newspaper Dessert Recipes

Research finds calorie-dense dessert recipes printed in major newspapers across the country may be contributing to obesity in large cities. The study, conducted by researchers at Marshfield Clinic Research Foundation, Marshfield, Wis., is published in the latest issue of the Wisconsin Medical Journal (Volume 106, No. 2).

The regions studied were in the West (Los Angeles, Denver, Portland), Midwest (Milwaukee, Detroit, Kansas City), South (Washington D.C., Dallas, Jacksonville) and the Northeast (New York, Philadelphia, Boston).

"The average total caloric content of dessert recipes was significantly associated with the percent obese in the metropolitan cities," reports the study, regarding recipes that were published the last week of August 2000. The researchers studied 64 entrée and 38 dessert recipes published in major newspapers serving cities with populations of 400,000 or more. The study found no association between the entrée recipes and obesity.

"While these data cannot be interpreted as causal, they are intriguing and suggest that newspapers may play a greater role in promoting or preventing obesity than previously recognized," said Catherine McCarty, Ph.D, MPH, Lead Scientist and Interim Director, Center for Human Genetics, Marshfield Clinic.

The report notes that the news media play an important role in providing nutrition information, but with respect to recipes, "this information is seldom studied." The authors add that the study results underscore "the importance of publishing recipes to help readers achieve and maintain a healthy weight."

Story Source:

Materials provided by Marshfield Clinic. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.


High-Protein Diet Meal Plan

If you'd like to focus on consuming more satiating protein, Eating Well magazine offers a high-protein meal plan that includes:

  • Breakfast: Broccoli and Parmesan cheese omelet
  • Morning snack: Plum
  • Lunch: Butternut squash soup with avocado and chickpeas
  • Afternoon snack: Kiwi
  • Dinner: Citrus-poached salmon with asparagus and brown rice